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||How to arrange ATMOSPHERE Most contemporary issues related to the physical chemistry of aeronomy of the upper atmosphere. In other words, scholars concerned with questions of "why?" "As a result of what processes?". Of course, such questions usually arise after you've set the existence of a events (for example, high concentrations of nitric oxide or the presence of ion-bonds), which must be explain. But also the process of establishing any fact is a solution to the problem or search for an answer to the question "how to work?". description of these kinds of problems and conflicts, encountered in their decision, no less interesting than the description of the problems of physical chemistry. However, due to the primacy of the question "how to work?" To the question "why?" in Currently Aeronomy more recent than the first - at least at the level presentation in this book. Therefore, the emphasis here is on the problems of atmospheric physical chemistry, the solution of which is continuously born contradictions, new questions, concerns and ideas. Well, what about the net framework? Does it make sense in this book describe established for many years, understanding of the composition and structure of the atmosphere? Author's response to this question is this chapter. It gives a fairly brief description of the main features structure of the atmosphere. Such a description is likely to be the most useful for general orientation at reading further chapters. WHAT IN THE WORLD area? Scientists like to invent all sorts of "scope." Let us recall the biosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere. Most of all, of course, had multiplied in various fields of atmospheric sciences - Meteorology and Aeronomy. Here and widely known concepts (who has not heard of the stratosphere or in the ionosphere), and, concepts used only by specialists (eg metasphere), and long-standing terms (the same stratosphere), and the terms of which the birth occurs before our eyes (Eksaytsfera). Let's go through the atmosphere from the bottom up, and try to understand at least in part "Spherical" terms, because most of them are connected with the main parameters define the structure of the atmosphere (the so-called "structural parameters") - pressure, density, temperature and gas composition.